Marine biodiversity is particularly rich, with diverse species of fish, mammals and corals, although, many of them are endemic and threatened. These coastal and marine resources are threatened by pollution, habitat destruction and the introduction of invasive alien species. Unplanned coastal and industrial development, tourism and tanker oil spills are of growing concern. CES’s sustainable marine and coastal management programme emphasizes the assessment and impact studies of marine ecosystems and the promotion of regional collaboration and multi-stakeholder dialogue. This programme is also dedicated to addressing the global threats of ocean acidification, invasive species, and loss of habitat due to ever expanding urbanization and coastal development a coupled with various impacts of climate change.
Bangladesh coastal area covers a combined landmass of 19 districts- an area of 47,201 km 2 , 32% of country’s land, and around 35 million people living in it representing 29% of the population. This diverse area is divided into three parts, namely a) The eastern zone, b) The central zone, and c) The western zone. The coastline is around 710 km long and hosting a diverse ecosystems like, mangrove forests, tidal flat, estuaries of hundreds of rivers, hundreds of islands, including rural, urban and industrial areas.